Bread is a type of baked food. It is mainly made from dough, which is made mainly from flour and water. Usually, salt and yeast are added. It is often baked in an oven. Leavened is made by adding yeast or other leavening to the dough.

It is a staple food prepared from a dough of flour and water, usually by baking. Throughout recorded history, it has been a prominent food in large parts of the world. It is one of the oldest man-made foods, having been of significant importance since the dawn of agriculture, and plays an essential role in both religious rituals and secular culture.

 

It has a significance beyond mere nutrition in many cultures because of its history and contemporary importance. It is also significant in Christianity as one of the elements (alongside wine) of the Eucharist, and in other religions including Paganism.

 

In many cultures, it is a metaphor for basic necessities and living conditions in general. For example, a “bread-winner” is a household’s main economic contributor and has little to do with actual provision. This is also seen in the phrase “putting it on the table”. The Roman poet Juvenal satirized superficial politicians and the public as caring only for “panem et circenses”. In Russia in 1917, the Bolsheviks promised “peace, land, and bread.” The term “breadbasket” . In Slavic cultures bread and salt is offered as a welcome to guests. In India, life’s basic necessities are often referred to as “roti, kapra aur makan” (bread, cloth, and house).

 

Words for it, including “dough” itself, are used in English-speaking countries as synonyms for money. A remarkable or revolutionary innovation may be called the best thing since “sliced bread”. The expression “to break bread with someone” means “to share a meal with someone”. The English word “lord” comes from the Anglo-Saxon hlāfweard, meaning “bread keeper.”

 

Bread is sometimes referred to as “the staff of life”, although this term can refer to other staple foods in different cultures: the Oxford English Dictionary defines it as “bread (or similar staple food)”. This is sometimes thought to be a biblical reference, but the nearest wording is in Leviticus 26 “when I have broken the staff of your bread”. The term has been adopted in the names of bakery firms.

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